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Coyotes are a risk to your pets and children. They are scared of humans by nature. In rural areas, they hunt sheep, poultry and calves. In urban areas, they damage garden crops, go through garbage and prey on pets such as cats and small dogs.
In the event that a coyote, dog or other wild animal is presenting an immediate threat to public safety, residents are encouraged to call the Police at 911 or Animal Services.
Protect children and pets
- Educate Children to not approach or harass any wildlife or unfamiliar domestic pets. This will reduce the risk of bites or exposure to certain diseases.
- Keep cats indoors at all times and keep dogs on short leashes or enclosed in your yard.
- Allowing pets to roam at large increases their risk of injury by wild animals, other domestic animals, and traffic. City of Hamilton by-laws prohibit dogs and cats from running at large.
What to do if you see a Coyote
- Carry a personal audible alarm and flashlight or umbrella (which can be used to scare them off)
- If you are approached by a coyote, stay calm and wait until they move on. You can make yourself appear larger and shout or clap your hands together or make some other loud noise to scare them off. DO NOT RUN.
How to keep coyotes off your property
- To prevent coyotes from entering your yard, enclose it with a solid fence preferably 1.8 metres in height.
- Properly store and maintain garbage containers. This will prevent raccoons, skunks, cats, dogs, & coyotes from becoming a nuisance. It will also discourage the presence of small rodents, which are an important food source for coyotes.
- Remove pet food left outside.
- Avoid composting meat products. The smell of the meat composting will attract the animals to your property.
- Do not approach or feed coyotes. Coyotes are wild animals, however can become more comfortable with humans as a result of regular contact. There may be more contact between coyotes and humans if they are fed or otherwise encouraged to stay near residential areas.
- Remove bird feeders as they also attract squirrels and rodents, which may attract coyotes.
- Use motion-sensitive lights in yards or gardens. Well-lit yards or the use of motion- sensitive lighting will make a property less attractive for coyotes and other nocturnal wildlife.
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