Strategies & Actions

Urban Indigenous Strategy

The City of Hamilton is situated upon the traditional territories of the Erie, Neutral, Huron-Wendat, Haudenosaunee and Mississaugas. This land is covered by the Dish With One Spoon Wampum Belt Covenant, which was an agreement between the Haudenosaunee and Anishinaabek to share and care for the resources around the Great Lakes. We further acknowledge that this land is covered by the Between the Lakes Purchase, 1792, between the Crown and the Mississaugas of the Credit First Nation.  

Today, the City of Hamilton is home to many Indigenous people from across Turtle Island (North America) and we recognize that we must do more to learn about the rich history of this land so that we can better understand our roles as residents, neighbours, partners and caretakers.

National Indigenous History Month (June) & National Indigenous Peoples Day - June 21, 2022

An opportunity to learn more about Indigenous histories and cultures in Hamilton

June is National Indigenous History Month that recognizes not only the historic contributions of Indigenous peoples to the development of Canada, but also the strength of present-day Indigenous communities. A time for all Canadians to reflect upon and learn about the strengths of First Nations, Inuit and Métis people.

The City of Hamilton invites everyone to celebrate this year’s National Indigenous History month and National Indigenous Peoples Day in person at the forecourt of City Hall on Tuesday June 21, 2022 from 1 pm to 4 pm.

There are many events and resources that continue to celebrate the diverse cultures locally and throughout Canada.

For more information on First Nations, Inuit and Métis-led activities,
please visit:


  • Indigenous Studies Program (
    The Indigenous Studies Program incorporates a unique teaching structure of Indigenous knowledge which involves many Native peoples and Elders. This unique perspective assists all students from various cultures and background in learning about the history and lives of Aboriginal people within an Indigenous perspective
  • Indigenous Students | Mohawk College
    Indigenous Education and Student Services Centre, can help with peer tutoring, access to an Elder, applying for awards, or discovering the right program to launch a career.
  • Six Nations Polytechnic | Centre of Excellence for Indigenous Knowledge (
    What makes SNP unlike any other post-secondary school program in Canada is our unique ability to offer first-hand Indigenous knowledge, education and skills training to everyone who is committed to learning. 
  • NYA: WEH - Native Youth Advancement with Education Hamilton (
    N.Y.A.W.E.H endeavours to provide a culture-based support system that will enable Aboriginal students to flourish within Hamilton's Secondary School Environment.
    N.Y.A.W.E.H cultivates the relationship between the culture of Aboriginal people and mainstream education. Both forms are integral to the progress of Aboriginal youth and are viewed as necessary assets in building healthy individuals, communities and nations.
  • Head Start Preschool - Niwasa Kendaaswin Teg
    The Head Start program is available for First Nations, Inuit and Métis children and their families living in Hamilton. Registered Early Childhood Educators nurture the social, physical, emotional, spiritual and cognitive development of Indigenous children, while supporting and honouring their parents and guardians as their primary teachers. Head Start has the following core components, Culture and Language, Education, Health Promotion, Nutrition, Social Support and Parental Involvement.

National Indigenous History Month

National Indigenous History Month - Visual Elements

Among the various visual elements illustrating Indigenous cultures, the sun (the summer solstice) is at the center which is at the heart of the festivities. The First Nations, Inuit and Métis as well as the four elements of nature (earth, water, fire and air) are represented in the image and shown opposite.

Description of the three icons

  • The eagle to represent First Nations
  • The narwhal to represent Inuit
  • The violin to represent Métis

Source: Government of Canada National Indigenous History Month

Residential School Findings: Every Child Matters

The horrific discovery of unmarked graves at Marieval Indian Residential School and Kamloops Residential School are reminders of the shameful legacy of residential schools and the resulting trauma that the Indigenous communities continue to experience.

On June 28, flags at all City of Hamilton sites were lowered to half-mast in memory of the Indigenous children whose remains have been found in unmarked graves in British Columbia and Saskatchewan. The flags will remain lowered indefinitely. Further, the Hamilton Sign will be lit up in orange on July 1 to pay respect to Indigenous children, families and survivors of the residential school system.

Hamilton Aboriginal Advisory Committee Letter in regards to Residential School FIndings - September 22, 2021 (PDF, 89 KB)

A National Residential School Crisis Line has also been set up to provide support to former students. This 24-Hour Crisis Line can be accessed at: 1-866-925-4419.

Indian Residential Schools Awareness & Resources:

The City has developed an Urban Indigenous Strategy that will strengthen the City’s relationship with the Indigenous community. The strategy will help promote a better understanding among all residents about Indigenous histories, cultures, experiences and contributions.

Why is this important?

  • To carry out the Calls to Action from the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada at the local level.
  • Our Future Hamilton community vision includes key directions regarding Indigenous cultures and knowledge.
  • City Council approved the Aboriginal Justice Strategy in 2015 acknowledging Indigenous peoples as the original peoples of this area.
  • We recognize many of the national issues that impact Indigenous peoples locally such as missing and murdered Indigenous women and the legacy of Indian residential schools.
  • To commit to the 231 Calls for Justice from the Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women and Girls Inquiry Final Report and to develop framework with local Police Services, Community Partners, Education Institutions, and residents to dismantle barriers for Indigenous women and girls to feel safe and equality within their city.

The Urban Indigenous Strategy Final Report 

The Urban Indigenous Strategy was presented to the General Issues Committee on July 8, 2019. The strategy was endorsed and fully supported. The Urban Indigenous Strategy team will collaborate with City staff, community partners and the Indigenous community to develop an implementation plan in the fall. Review the  Urban Indigenous Strategy Final Report (PDF, 1 MB)

The Urban Indigenous Strategy Implementation Plan was fully endorsed by Hamilton City Council on February, 4, 2021. The Implementation Plan is categorized in six working groups to address the recommendations from the strategy’s final report. Urban Indigenous Strategy Implementation Report (PDF, 3.6 MB)

How you can be involved

Throughout the development of the strategy there will be opportunities to participate or provide feedback:

  • Attend community events, workshops, surveys or public education campaigns
  • Educate yourself and raise awareness among your family and friends about Indigenous histories and experiences
  • Invite us to speak to your organization or committee about the development of the strategy.

Events & Initiatives in the Community

Indigenous events & initiatives in the community will appear here when announced.

  • Tuesday June 7, 2022:  In partnership with the Hamilton Public Library and Woodland Cultural Centre – Urban Indigenous Relations Team presents:  Virtual Tour of Mohawk Institute Residential School and debrief.
  • Monday June 20, 2022:  In partnership with the Hamilton Public Library and Woodland Cultural Centre – Urban Indigenous Relations Team presents:  Truth and Reconciliation Virtual Presentation - National Indigenous History Month

Indigenous Language Day (March 31) an annual observance in Canada since 1993. The day is not only an opportunity to honour the country’s linguistic legacy, but to reflect on efforts to preserve tradition among the country’s many Indigenous and First Nations communities.  The City of Hamilton recognizes and celebrates all of the Indigenous Languages spoken in the City.

Louis Riel Day (November 16) November 16, 2021 is recognized as Louis Riel Day and it marks the anniversary of the execution of Métis leader Louis Riel in 1885. Riel is considered the “Father of Manitoba,” with his legacy as a defender of the Métis way of life focused on preserving the culture and rights of Métis peoples and their homelands in the Northwest as these lands progressively shrunk under colonial expansion. This national day is to acknowledge and celebrate the Métis culture and the contributions of the Métis people across Canada and to highlight the struggles that Métis continue to face.

Inuit Day (November 7) November 7, 2021 is recognized as International Inuit Day as declared at the 2006 Inuit Circumpolar Council (ICC) General Assembly. Inuit are 1 of 3 recognized Aboriginal groups under the Canadian Constitution Act. Inuit are a distinctive Arctic Indigenous Peoples with a unique and dynamic culture and history. There are approximately 59,440 Inuit in Canada as of the 2011 National Household Survey (Statistics Canada, 2012). The majority of Inuit in Canada live in the four Inuit regions, collectively known as Inuit Nunangat. From East to West the four Inuit regions are Nunatsiavut (Northern Labrador), Nunavik (Northern Quebec), Nunavut, and the Inuvialuit Settlement Region (Northwest Territories).

Treaties Recognition Week (November 1-7, 2021) In Ontario, the first week in November is declared to recognize the importance of treaties and help residents understand the significance of treaty rights, treaty relationships and their relevance today to show support and commitment to reconciliation, inclusion and anti-racism.

Treaties provide a framework between Nations for living together and sharing the land traditionally occupied by Indigenous peoples.

Today in Canada there are approximately 70 treaties between 371 First Nations and the Crown. The treaties represent the rights of more than 500,000 Indigenous people. Ontario is covered by 46 historic and present-day treaties, which were signed between 1781 and 1930. These agreements provide the foundation for ongoing co-operation and partnership between Indigenous and non-Indigenous people. 

What is Orange Shirt Day? The City of Hamilton recognizes the impact done by Indian Residential Schools and supports the commitment that every child matters. We ask everyone to wear an orange shirt on September 30th to show support and commitment to reconciliation, inclusion and anti-racism. With Covid-19 impacting the way we gather this year, we ask everyone to stay safe and to take part in ways to virtually learn and share.

Orange Shirt Day began by Phyllis Webstad, a residential school survivor who told the story of her shiny new orange shirt which was taken from her when she attended her first day of school at the St. Joseph Mission (SJM) residential school.

The residential school era began in the early 1870’s, with the last school closing in 1996. The Mohawk Institute Residential School located in the neighbouring town of Brantford, Ontario, is one of the oldest residential schools which was established in 1828.

More than 150,000 Indigenous, Métis and Inuit children attended these schools. There are an estimated 80,000 survivors living today.

For more information please visit:

National Day for Truth and Reconciliation  (September 30)
This year, the Federal Government created a holiday called the National Day for Truth and Reconciliation to be observed on September 30.
This declaration responds to the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada’s call to action number 80 which seeks to honour First Nations, Inuit and Métis Survivors and their families and communities and to ensure that public commemoration of their history and the legacy of residential schools remains a vital component of the reconciliation process.

Virtual National Indigenous Peoples Day Celebration
On June 21, 2021, the City live streamed an event (due to the continuing pandemic) which included a Traditional Opening, Drumming, and the Celebration of Youth Exhibit to observe the day.

National Indigenous Peoples History Month (June 2020)
The month of June is National Indigenous Peoples History Month and June 21st is National Indigenous Peoples Day, both are recognized nation-wide. Due to Covid-19, events and festivities were hosted on an online platform. Well recognized media platforms such as Aboriginal Peoples Television Network (APTN), CBC and local communities and municipalizes offered various events that were streamed online to celebrate the month and day. Although, National Indigenous History Month and National Indigenous Peoples Day looked very different, communities were still able to celebrate the contributions and achievement of Indigenous Peoples in Canada.

Spring Equinox Gathering – Battlefield Museum (Postponed due to Covid-19)
Battlefield Museum, the Urban Indigenous Strategy and the Hamilton Regional Indian Centre partnered in hosting a Spring Equinox Gathering on March 21, 2020. The significance of the event was for traditional knowledge keepers to conduct a White Pine Ceremony as Battlefield had planted new white pines on the museum property. The event was to celebrate the newly planted white pines as well as celebrate the beginning of Spring as it has significant meaning to the Haudenosaunee and their ceremonies. Unfortunately, the gathering has been postponed due to Covid-19.

Feb 2020 Youth and Elders Gathering (March 2 to March 6, 2020)
The Hamilton Regional Indian Centre hosted their annual Youth and Elders Gathering. The gathering consisted of various Elder and Knowledge Keepers from across Ontario that facilitated workshops over five days at the Hamilton Regional Indian Centre. Some topics of the workshops included: Two Spirit, Traditional Medicines, Star Knowledge, and many more. The week ended in a social housed at the Hamilton Boys and Girls Club. It was open to both the Indigenous community and Hamilton residents.

Urban Indigenous Strategy Community Report Back on Implementation Plan (November 14, 2019)
On November 14, 2019 the Urban Indigenous Strategy team presented key recommendations and initiatives from the strategy that will be implemented into the implementation plan. The community report back was held at the Celebration of Growth Annual Social.

Honouring our Sisters, Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women and Girls Closing Ceremony (November 5, 2019)
On November 5, 2019, the Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women Exhibit team hosted a ceremony that closed the exhibit. The ceremony was conducted outside behind the castle where there was a sacred fire lit. There was a traditional closing done by Norma General as well as next step recommendations from Hamilton Police. The event was successful and approximately 75 community members attended.

The Grizzlies (October 8, 2019)
On October 8, 2019, the Urban Indigenous Strategy partnered with the Hamilton Public Library in screening The Grizzles. The Grizzlies is based in a Northern Artic community that is facing a high suicide rate amongst their youth. Their lives become inspired by the game of lacrosse. This event was open to all Hamilton residents.

Indian Horse Movie Screening (October 1, 2019)
On October 1, 2019, the Urban Indigenous Strategy partnered with the Hamilton Public Library in screening Indian Horse. Indian Horse is based on a true story of an Indigenous man played hockey who attended residential school and lived through discrimination in the 1970s. This event was open to all Hamilton residents.

Honouring our Sisters, Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women and Girls Exhibit Opening Night (September 26, 2019)
On September 26, 2019, the Urban Indigenous Strategy team in partnership with local Indigenous youth created a Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women and Girls(MMWIG) Exhibit called Honouring our Sisters.The exhibit contained stories of the MMIWG as well as the display of red dresses. Opening night consisted of a traditional opening by Elder, Norma Jacobs, opening remarks from Museum and Heritage and a special guest speaker, Bernadette Smith from the Drag the Red Campaign. There were over 200 guests who attended. The duration of the exhibit was September 26, 2019 to November 5, 2019.

Urban Indigenous Strategy Community Feast (August 8, 2019)
On August 8, 2019, the Urban Indigenous Strategy team hosted a community feast to celebrate the endorsement of the Urban Indigenous Strategy. There was a traditional opening by knowledge keeper Jackie LaBonte and opening remarks made by Healthy and Safe Communities, General Manger, Paul Johnson. In total, there was 60 community members in attendance.

National Indigenous Peoples Day Celebration (June 21, 2019)
On June 21st, National Indigenous Peoples Day, a celebration at City Hall was held featuring welcoming remarks from a coordinating circle member Lyndon George and Councillor Nrinder Nann, songs from the Spirit Vision Singers and cake.  In the evening, the Hamilton sign outside City Hall was lit up in the colours red, white, black and yellow representing the Medicine Wheel.

Indigenous Flag Raising Ceremony (May 30, 2019)
On Thursday, May 30, 2019, the Urban Indigenous Strategy and Hamilton's Aboriginal Advisory Committee partnered and held a Indigenous Flag Raising Ceremony at City Hall to honour Indigenous flags being raised. Fifty participants were in attendance including Councillor Nrinder Nann on behalf of Mayor and Council, Pat Mandy on behalf of the Mississaugas of the Credit First Nation, and Clear Waters Council Secretary and Veteran Don Kennedy. Other speakers included: Monique Lavallee from Hamilton Executive Directors' Aboriginal Coalition, Marilyn Wright from the Aboriginal Advisory Committee, Jackie Labonte our Traditional Knowledge Keeper and Otsíhsto kó:wa singers. Four flags will be flown at City Hall for the month of June to represent Six Nations, Mississaugas of the Credit First Nation, Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami and the Métis Nation.

Community Presentation (December 3, 2018)
On December 3, 2018, the Coordinating Circle held a community presentation to share the key findings and key directions from the Urban Indigenous Strategy survey that was done in May. Great conversation and feedback were shared by participants. The event reaffirmed that there is still a lot of work and a lot of opportunity for building a stronger relationship with the Indigenous community.

Stories from the Land (June 22, 2018)
The Urban Indigenous Strategy partnered with the Soaring Spirits Festival and hosted their final event, "Stories From The Land."  Three speakers: Rick Hill, Elaine Lee and Val King were invited to share stories and perspectives on traditional knowledge with attendees.

National Indigenous Peoples Day Celebration (June 21, 2018)
On June 21st, National Indigenous Peoples Day, a celebration at City Hall was held featuring welcoming remarks from community member Yvonne Maracle and Mayor Eisenberger, songs from the Spirit Vision Singers and cake.  In the evening, the Hamilton sign outside City Hall was lit up in the colours red, white, black and yellow representing the Medicine Wheel.

Bringing the City to the Community Information Fair (June 2, 2018)
The Information Fair was an opportunity for City staff to meet Indigenous residents and discuss the numerous programs and services that the City provides. The event was a great pilot, bringing together 80+ Indigenous community members and 18 City of Hamilton booths attended the event. The event included information booths representing a number of different City services, a Cultural Cardio class, Young Ogichidaa Singers, draws and much more.

Indigenous Flag Raising (May 28, 2018)
The Urban Indigenous Strategy, Hamilton's Aboriginal Advisory Committee and De Dwa Da Dehs Nye>s Aboriginal Health Centre partnered and held a Full Moon Ceremony at City Hall to honour Indigenous flags that were flown for the month of June. Thirty participants were in attendance including Mayor Eisenberger, Chief Stacey LaForme, Mississaugas of the Credit First Nation, Six Nations Councillor Wray Maracle and Secretary and Veteran Don Kennedy, Métis Nation of Ontario Clear Waters Council.

Youth Shaping Spirit in Hamilton (April 11, 2018)
The Youth Shaping Spirit in Hamilton workshop asked local Indigenous youth to reflect on their Indigenous identity and discuss ways that the City can reflect their culture and community. The youth created an art piece to represent the urban Indigenous youth living in Hamilton and how they wanted the City to honour their traditional roots. In partnership with Legal Aid Ontario (LAO), the youth presented their art piece on May 3, 2018 as part of LAO’s “Boldness Project”. The artwork has also been on display at alternative community events throughout the city.

Community Conversation on Reconciliation featuring the KAIROS Blanket Exercise (March 19, 2018)
The Coordinating Circle hosted a second community conversation on reconciliation, featuring the KAIROS Blanket Exercise.  The event brought together one hundred Indigenous and non-Indigenous residents to participate in the exercise at the Hamilton Public Library Central Branch.  The KAIROS Blanket Exercise is an experiential learning tool that aims to raise awareness and understanding of the history of Indigenous and non-Indigenous peoples on Turtle Island

Overview of Community Conversation on Reconciliation (December 13, 2017)
The Coordinating Circle brought together Indigenous community members in a conversation at the Hamilton Regional Indian Centre. Forty-one participants came and shared their perspectives on what reconciliation in Hamilton means to them. The Coordinating Circle plans to continue this dialogue with more people in the community during Phase Two.

Hamilton Public Library Resources
All resources listed are available for free with your library card! Library cards are free to anyone living, working or studying in Hamilton. Register at any HPL branch or Online.

Children’s Non-Fiction:

Kanopy Streaming Video:

Curio Streaming Video:

Audiobook on Hoopla:

Treaties Recognition Week Resources

Orange Shirt Day Resources

The Use of Indigenous Medicines Policy

The City of Hamilton has developed a Use of Indigenous Medicines Policy, which confirms the City’s commitment to supporting Indigenous peoples to use sacred medicines in ceremonies such as smudging or prayer pipe ceremonies in municipal facilities. The policy outlines the steps that City of Hamilton staff are expected to follow to accommodate the use of Indigenous medicines.

In the course of developing Hamilton’s Urban Indigenous Strategy, smudging ceremonies have been incorporated to begin the meetings of the Coordinating Circle in the Lister Block. Since the Fall of 2017, weekly cultural competency training run for the Hamilton Police Services has also incorporated smudging ceremonies. The new policy not only supports these important initiatives but will be used by other divisions and programs within the City that are working to build relationships with Indigenous peoples and create a welcoming environment in municipal locations.

The Urban Indigenous Strategy has gained two Indigneous Youth Representatives who will help guide and enforce the implementation of the Urban Indigenous Strategy with their knowledge and fresh perspective.

Indigenous Books


Learn more about Indigenous contributions to Canadian literature with a list of suggested books from past #IndigenousReads campaigns.

Hamilton Public Library - A curated collection of ebooks and eaudiobooks are available from Hamilton Public Library on Overdrive and the Libby app.  High demand items may have hold lists; please browse the collection for other options, use the Which Book Next recommendation service, or suggest a purchase to HPL librarians.

Indigenous Films

Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women and Girls



Contact us

For any questions or more information on the Urban Indigenous Strategy, please contact [email protected]