How to Care for Someone with COVID-19

Wash your hands often

  • Wash your hands with soap and water after each contact with the infected person.
  • Use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are not available.

Wear a mask and gloves

  • Wear a medical mask. Masks should be well-fitted and cover the nose and mouth.
  • Wear gloves when you have contact with the person’s saliva or other body fluids (for example, blood, sweat, saliva, vomit, urine and feces).
  • Caregivers can wear eye protection (e.g., face shield or goggles).

Dispose of gloves and mask after use

  • Take the gloves and mask off right after you provide care and throw them out in a wastebasket lined with the plastic bag.
  • Take off the gloves first and clean your hands with soap and water before taking off your mask.
  • Clean your hands again with soap and water after you remove the mask, before touching your face or doing anything else.

It is best to delay visits to the home until the individual resolves their COVID infection.  

  • If you live in the same household as the individual who is infected, you are considered a close contact of COVID and regardless of vaccination status, must be in isolation for the entire time that the infected person is in isolation.
  • Only have visitors who you must see and keep the visits short.  Be aware that you must protect any visitors from both the infected household member and any other household members.  Ensure that everyone is wearing medical masks and maintaining physical distance.
  • Keep seniors and people with chronic medical conditions (for example, diabetes, lung problems, and immune deficiency) away from the infected person.

Avoid sharing household items

  • Use a separate bathroom, if possible.
  • Do not share dishes, drinking glasses, cups, eating utensils, towels, bedding or other personal items.
  • After use, these items should be washed in the sink, dishwasher or washing machine with soap or detergent in warm water, as appropriate. No special soap is needed.
  • Do not share cigarettes or vapour products.

Limit the number of visitors in your home

  • Only have visitors who you must see and keep the visits short.
  • Keep seniors and people with chronic medical conditions (for example, diabetes, lung problems, and immune deficiency) away from the infected person.

Cleaning

  • Clean your home with regular household disinfectants.
  • Clean regularly touched items such as toilets, sink tap handles, doorknobs, light switches and bedside tables every day.

Washing laundry

  • There is no need to wash laundry separately, but you should wear gloves when you touch dirty laundry.
  • Clean your hands with soap and water immediately after removing your gloves.

Be careful when touching waste

  • All waste can go into regular garbage bins.
  • When emptying garbage bins, do not touch used tissues with your hands. Lining the wastebasket with a plastic bag makes waste disposal easier and safer.
  • Clean your hands with soap and water after emptying the garbage bin.

Ventilation

  • Ensure rooms have good air flow (e.g., open windows if weather permits and if safe to do so).

Resources