How to Care for Someone with COVID-19

Wash your hands often

  • Wash your hands with soap and water after each contact with the infected person.
  • Use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer if soap and water are not available.

Wear a mask and gloves

  • Wear a mask and gloves when you have contact with the person’s saliva or other body fluids (for example, blood, sweat, saliva, vomit, urine and feces).

Dispose of gloves and mask after use

  • Take the gloves and mask off right after you provide care and throw them out in a wastebasket lined with the plastic bag.
  • Take off the gloves first and clean your hands with soap and water before taking off your mask.
  • Clean your hands again with soap and water after you remove the mask, before touching your face or doing anything else.

Limit the number of visitors in your home

  • Only have visitors who you must see and keep the visits short.
  • Keep seniors and people with chronic medical conditions (for example, diabetes, lung problems, and immune deficiency) away from the infected person.

Avoid sharing household items

  • Use a separate bathroom, if possible.
  • Do not share dishes, drinking glasses, cups, eating utensils, towels, bedding or other personal items.
  • After use, these items should be washed in the sink, dishwasher or washing machine with soap or detergent in warm water, as appropriate. No special soap is needed.
  • Do not share cigarettes or vapour products.


  • Clean your home with regular household disinfectants.
  • Clean regularly touched items such as toilets, sink tap handles, doorknobs, light switches and bedside tables every day.

Washing laundry

  • There is no need to wash laundry separately, but you should wear gloves when you touch dirty laundry.
  • Clean your hands with soap and water immediately after removing your gloves.

Be careful when touching waste

  • All waste can go into regular garbage bins.
  • When emptying garbage bins, do not touch used tissues with your hands. Lining the wastebasket with a plastic bag makes waste disposal easier and safer.
  • Clean your hands with soap and water after emptying the garbage bin.