Protect Yourself and Others

You can protect yourself and others by following these steps:

  • Stay home as much as possible.
  • If you are out in public spaces, practice physical distancing and stay 2 metres (6 feet) away from others. Even if you don’t have symptoms of COVID-19, you could become infected by others.
  • If you are unable to practice physical distancing while out in public spaces, wear a face covering or mask to protect others.
  • Wash your hands often with soap and water or use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer.
  • Avoid touching your eyes, mouth and nose.
  • Clean phones and other devices regularly.
  • Avoid contact with people who are ill and their items.
  • Cover your coughs and sneezes with a tissue. If you don't have a tissue, cough or sneeze into your upper sleeve or elbow, not your hands. Wash hands after coughing and sneezing.
  • Maintain a healthy lifestyle, including a healthy diet, exercise and enough sleep, to enhance your body's immune system.
  • Talk to your employer about working at home or virtual meetings if possible.
  • Limit contact with people at higher risk (e.g., older adults and those in poor health).
  • Go outside to walk your pet but stay close to home.
  • If you leave your home, always keep a distance of at least 2 arms lengths (approximately 2 metres) from others. Household contacts (people you live with) do not need to distance from each other unless they are sick or have travelled in the last 14 days.
  • When using a taxi or car share, practice physical distancing by sitting in the back seat, wear a mask or face covering and open the window, as weather allows.

You can go for a walk close to home if you:

  • Have not been diagnosed with COVID-19;
  • Do not have symptoms of COVID-19;
  • Have not travelled outside of Canada in the past 14 days;
  • Do not have underlying medical conditions (e.g., diabetes, cancer);
  • Are not immunocompromised;
  • Are below age 65.

If you go out for a walk, do not congregate and always practise physical distancing by keeping at least two metres (6 feet) from others at all times.

If you have returned from travel outside Canada, review these instructions.

If you are caring for someone with COVID-19, review this information.

If you are above age 65 or are immunocompromised, review this information.

Translated COVID-19 resources
Visit the Government of Canada’s website for translated resources on how to Protect Yourself & Others. Documents are translated into various languages, and include topics such as:

Contact us

Contact Hamilton Public Health Services for health information related to COVID-19:

COVID-19 hotline at 905-974-9848

Send questions to [email protected]

Related links

Ministry of Health Online COVID-19 test results

World Health Organization