Our Community

Your municipal government

Hamilton is the fifth-largest municipality in Ontario and the tenth-largest municipality in Canada. As a global city, Hamilton boasts a renowned education and health sector as well as a thriving arts scene. Industries in Hamilton include manufacturing, bioscience and medical, and agriculture.

The City of Hamilton is comprised of 15 Wards, each with unique characteristics and needs. View all the Ward Profiles

New Ward Map 2018

Our Community

The Our Community section includes various socio-economic demographics for the city of Hamilton.

Where possible, data has been provided for the city of Hamilton, however, some data is only available for the Hamilton Census Metropolitan Area (CMA).

Statistics Canada defines a CMA as an area consisting of one or more neighbouring municipalities situated around a population core. A CMA must have a total population of at least 100,000 of which 50,000 or more must live in the core. To be included in the CMA, a neighbouring municipality must be highly integrated with the core, as measured by commuting flows based on place of work data from census data.

The Hamilton CMA is comprised of the population core, the city of Hamilton, and the neighbouring city of Burlington and town of Grimsby.

Hamilton Census CMA Map


  • In 2016, there were 536,917 people living in Hamilton. This represents an increase of 16,970 (3.3%) people since 2011.
  • The majority (66.8%) of the overall population increase since 2011 can be attributed to the change in the population age 65 years and older which increased by 11,335.
  • Of the total 2016 population, 16.2% were youths under the age of 15, 66.5% were age 15 to 64 and 17.3% were age 65 years and older.
  • In 2016, the median age of the population was 41.5 years. This is an increase of 0.6 years since 2011.
  • In 2016, there were slightly more females than males living in Hamilton, 51.1% and 48.9% respectively. This is a trend that has remained unchanged from 2006. 
  • An increasingly greater difference between the proportion of females and males is notable amongst older age groups. For residents age 75 and over, 59.3% were females and 40.7% were males. The difference becomes greater for those ages 85 and over where 65.4% were females; and for residents age 100 and over there were 80.0% females and only 20.0% males.


Population Forecast

The city of Hamilton population is forecasted to increase by approximately 37% over the next 25 years.  This long-term population forecast is based on assumptions that include and are not limited to: a long-term economic outlook that remains positive; an economy that remains focused on goods production and related industrial activities; and demographic changes primarily driven by increasing fertility rates, rising life expectancy and continued growth from immigration.

* Statistics Canada, Census.
** Hemson Consulting, Greater Golden Horseshoe Growth Forecasts to 2041, Technical Report November 2012.


Families, Households and Marital Status

In 2016, approximately 46.4% of residents age 15 and over were married, 8.5% were living in a common-law relationship and 29.1% were single (never-married).

Between 2011 and 2016, residents who were living in a common-law relationship increased by 17.2%, those who were divorced increased by 6.1% and those who were separated increased by 2.1%.

  • In 2016, there were 149,355 census families in Hamilton. This represents an increase of 5,230 census families since 2011. The increase can mostly be accounted for by an increase of common-law couple families (2,820) and female lone-parent families (1,165).
  • Between 2011 and 2016, Hamilton has seen common-law couple families increased by 17.3%, female lone-parent families increased by 5.3%, male lone-parent families increased by 4.9% and married couples increased by just 1.0%.
  • In 2016, families with children comprised 63.3% of all families in the city of Hamilton.
  • Since 2011, families with children have seen a 2.7% increase whereas families without children have increased by 5.4%.

*married or common-law 



The most common non-official languages spoken most often at home are:  Arabic, Italian, Spanish, Mandarin, Portuguese, Punjabi (Panjabi), Polish, Serbian, Urdu and Vietnamese.

  • Approximately 1.9% of residents in Hamilton have no knowledge of English or French.
  • At least 23.1% of Hamilton residents have a non-official language as their mother tongue.
  • Approximately 15.7% either only speak a non-official language most often at home or a combination of a non-official language with an official language most often at home.



  • In 2015, the median total income of Hamilton residents age 15 and over was $32,917.  The median total income for Hamilton males was $39,174 which was 33.1% higher than the median total income for Hamilton females which was $28,056.
  • The median total income for Hamilton households was $69,024.
  • To better understand the economic well-being of individuals and households, it is useful to look at median after-tax income.  After-tax income accounts for government transfers and income taxes and provides a reflection of the dispensable income people have for purchase of necessities.
  • In 2015, the median after-tax income was $30,175 for residents age 15 and over and was $61,168 for Hamilton households.
  • The median after tax income for male lone parent families was $58,421 which was 24.4% higher than the median after tax income for female lone parent families which was $45,717.

Additional insight into the economic well-being of residents in Hamilton can be provided by looking at income in relation to the Low Income Measure after tax (LIM-AT).  A person or household with income below the Low Income Measure would be considerably worse off financially than average. 

  • The LIM-AT represents 50% of the median adjusted household income after tax, where adjusted means that considerations were made for household size and needs. 
  • Based on the LIM-AT, in 2015 a one person household would be considered low income if their after-tax income was below $22,133.  The threshold for a two person household was $31,301 and for a four person household the threshold was $44,266.
  • In 2015, there were 80,915 Hamilton residents living in low income using the LIM-AT.  This is equivalent to 15.3% of the total population in Hamilton. 
  • Overall, there were more females in low income than males (53.6% vs. 46.4%). The difference was much more notable for residents age 65 years and over in low income with 64.8% females compared to 35.2% males.
  • Children and youth under the age of 17 were more likely to be in low income compared to the population over the age of 18.