Public Health Requirements for Beauty and Body Art

Here are some general public health requirements for all beauty and body art services.

The premise or shop must have at least one sink for hand washing and cleaning instruments. The same sink can be used for hand washing and instrument cleaning if the sink meets the other requirements below.

The sink(s) must:

  • Be near the work area
  • Have hot and cold running water, liquid soap in a dispenser and single-use hand towels at all times.
  • Always be available for hand washing while working on clients.
  • Be able to hold the largest instrument that needs cleaning
  • Not be shared by more than one premise or shop

Hands must be washed before starting a procedure, after finishing and in between any breaks in a procedure. A 70% alcohol-based hand rub can be used when hands are not visibly dirty.

Gloves should be worn when performing invasive procedures; when there is contact with blood, body fluids or broken skin such as a cut; and when the worker has non-intact skin on their hands.

General rules for cleaning and disinfecting instruments and work areas used for beauty and body art services include:

  • The work area must be clean, tidy and well lit.
  • Using a detergent and water solution to scrub instruments and the work area clean.
  • All product labels for disinfectants must have and expiry date and a drug identification number, or DIN, with the exception of hypochlorite.
  • Cleaning and disinfecting instruments immediately after they are used.
  • When you cannot clean instruments immediately after use, soak them in water and detergent until they can be cleaned properly.
  • Discarding or cleaning and disinfecting/sterilizing any instrument that was touched or handled during a procedure because it could be contaminated.
  • Cleaning and disinfecting work surfaces such as tables, equipment trays, magnifying lamps and spray bottles after each client or cover them with a single-use disposable cover and change after each client.
  • Using single-use applicators to dispense products onto a client’s skin. Do not ‘double dip’.
  • Disposing of anything that cannot be cleaned such as bibs, elastic bands and covers immediately after use.
  • Removing any items not required from the work area.
  • Storing reusable tools in a clean, covered container when not in use. Clean instruments should be separate from dirty instruments.
  • Placing all needles, razors or other sharps into an approved sharps container immediately after use.
  • Keeping client and accidental blood and body fluids exposure records for a minimum of one year on-site. All client records must be kept for at least five years. 

Requirements for Operators in Vietnamese (PDF, 131 KB)

Requirements for specific beauty and body art services

Hand washing and gloves

Requirements for hand washing and gloves for body art or tattoo services include:

  • Washing your hands each time before putting on gloves. 
  • Wearing disposable gloves for each client.  Put on new gloves after a break in treatment of the same client.

Infection control

Requirements for infection control for body art or tattoo services include:

  • Using pre-packaged single-use, sterile needles and put in a sharps container immediately after use. 
  • Sterilizing instruments in an approved autoclave or dry heat sterilizer.
  • Spore testing your autoclave or dry heat sterilizer biweekly.
  • Reporting failed spore tests to Public Health immediately at 905-546-2063.
  • Opening sterile, packaged equipment only when you are ready to begin a procedure. Get supplies and set up the work area immediately before starting the procedure.
  • Using disposable razors for shaving the area and discarding immediately after use into a sharps container.
  • Cleaning clients skin with a skin antiseptic such as iodine, isopropyl alcohol or chlorhexidine gluconate.
  • Applying creams, lotions and ointments with single-use applicators. Throw out the applicator after use.
  • Cleaning and sterilizing the entire bar assembly after attaching needles to bars. Put the entire unit into a sharps container immediately after a tattoo procedure.
  • Taking apart any re-useable equipment, including tubes, and manually clean or clean in an ultrasonic cleaner, then disinfecting and sterilizing as required.
  • Cleaning and disinfecting clip cords, spray bottles and motor frames after each client or when they are visibly dirty or cover with a disposable plastic sheath and change between clients.
  • Putting water for rinsing between colours into disposable cups. Throw out liquid and cups after each client.
  • Throwing out any leftover items such as ink, petroleum jelly, tissue and stencils in a garbage container after each client, even if the items have not been used during the procedure. Do not put the item back into the original container.
  • Cleaning new disposable ink caps in soapy water and let them air dry.
  • Soaking new disposable ink caps in 70% isopropyl alcohol for 10 minutes and allow to air dry before using.  Store in a clean and disinfected container with a lid.
  • If you use a micropigmentation pen or instrument, clean and sterilize the needle holder or throw out after each use.
  • Public Health recommends body art workers get the Hepatitis B vaccination.

Client safety

Requirements for client safety for body art and tattoo services include:

  • Do not tattoo within six inches of inflamed or infected skin.
  • Covering the tattooed area with a clean, non-stick dressing.
  • Providing clients with verbal and written after-care instructions such as:
    • Clean hands immediately before touching tattooed area.
    • Expected healing time of the site.
    • Possible complications and their signs and symptoms.
    • Advice on how to deal with slight redness, pain or swelling.
    • Recommend consultation with a doctor if the problem does not improve within 24 hours. 

Hand washing and gloves

Requirements for hand washing and gloves for body piercing services include:

  • Washing your hands:
    • before and after each client
    • before and after wearing gloves
    • in between breaks in service
  • Wearing single- use gloves for each client
  • Changing gloves between clients and between breaks in treatment of the same client.

Cleaning and disinfecting tools and instruments

Requirements for cleaning and disinfecting tools and instruments used for body piercing services include:

  • Using single-use, disposable, sterile needles and put in an approved sharps container immediately after use.
  • Disinfecting or sterilizing all reusable equipment. You must clean reusable equipment manually or in an ultrasonic cleaner after each use, then disinfect or sterilize as required.
  • Opening sterile, packaged equipment when you are ready to pierce clients. Sterile equipment includes pliers, forceps, clamps and needle pushers.
  • Using only sterile jewellery for piercing.
  • Cleaning and individually packaging and sterilizing jewellery you put together or modify.
  • Using a no-touch technique to avoid direct contact with the piercing site or sterile piercing equipment.
  • Using sterile, single-use and disposable closed ended receiving tubes.
  • Cleaning open-ended receiving tubes with a wire brush and sterilize them between uses. 
  • Buying sterile, single-use disposable items if you are using the dermal punch method. You cannot reuse these.  You must put them in an approved sharps container immediately after use.
  • Putting corks into a sharps container with the needle attached after use, if you use corks to ‘catch’ the needle.

Piercing procedure

Follow this procedure for piercing:

  • Clean the site to be pierced with an approved skin antiseptic. 
  • Mark where to pierce with an iodine tip pen before piercing. Allow ink to dry.
  • Clean the site with the approved skin antiseptic just before piercing.
  • Pierce the site.

Client safety

Requirements for client safety for body piercing services include:

  • Checking client’s skin before piercing. Do not pierce inflamed or infected skin or skin with a rash.
  • Providing clients with verbal and written after-care instructions such as: 
  • Keep the pierced area dry; normal bathing and showering are permitted
  • Clean hands immediately before touching jewellery
  • Expected healing time
  • Possible complications, and their signs and symptoms
  • How to deal with slight redness, pain or swelling
  • Recommend calling their doctor if the problem does not improve within 24 hours
  • Advise clients not to remove jewellery from a potentially infected piercing and to call their doctor

Hand washing and gloves

Requirements for hand washing and gloves for ear lobe piercing services include:

  • Wearing single-use disposable gloves on both hands during the piercing
  • Washing hands before and immediately after the piercing.

Cleaning and disinfecting tools and instruments

Requirements for cleaning and disinfecting tools and instruments used for ear piercing services include:

  • Not using ear-piercing instruments on any part of the body except the fleshy part of the ear lobes.
  • We recommend using single-use disposable adapters.
  • Cleaning and disinfecting piercing instruments with disposable parts after each client.
  • Supplying pre-packaged and sterile jewellery.
  • Not allowing jewellery intended for piercing to be sampled or returned.
  • Not spraying sterile earrings with disinfectant before piercing.
  • Throwing out all disposable parts after each client.
  • Opened packages of jewellery are no longer sterile and cannot be used to pierce the skin.
  • Storing the piercing instrument in a sanitary manner to prevent contamination.

Ear preparation procedure

Follow this procedure for preparing ears for piercing:

  • Clean the ear lobes with an approved skin antiseptic.
  • Mark the site with an iodine tip pen before piercing. Allow ink to dry.
  • Clean the ear lobes with the approved skin antiseptic just before piercing.
  • Pierce ear lobes.

Client safety

Requirements for client safety for ear piercing services include:

  • Giving clients verbal and written ear piercing after care instructions such as:
    • Keep the pierced area dry; normal bathing and showering are permitted
    • Clean hands immediately before touching or turning jewellery
    • Expected healing time
    • Possible complications and their signs and symptoms
    • How to deal with slight redness, pain or swelling
    • Recommend calling their doctor if the problem does not improve within 24 hours
    • Advise client not to remove jewellery from a potentially infected piercing and to call their doctor for instructions

Hand washing and gloves

Requirements for hand washing and gloves for electrolysis services include:

  • Washing your hands before and after each client or treatment, before and after wearing gloves and in between breaks in service.
  • Changing single-use gloves between clients and between breaks in treatment of the same client.

Cleaning and sterilization of tools and equipment

Requirements for cleaning and sterilization of tools and equipment used for electrolysis services include:

  • Needles must be sterile, pre-packaged and single-use.
  • Heat produced by the current passing through an electrolysis needle is not sufficient to sterilize it.
  • Cleaning and disinfecting all equipment used during an electrolysis procedure after each client.
  • Tools used to expose the ingrown hair must be sterile. You can use sterile single-use needles or lancets for this procedure.
  • Tools such as tweezers used to pull out ingrown hairs must be clean and disinfected after each client. 
  • Cleaning and disinfecting equipment that holds sterile items such as tweezers or epilator needle cap/tip between clients.
  • Throwing away items after each client that cannot be cleaned or disinfected after a single-use such as applicators, swabs or cotton towels.
  • Covering any work or equipment surface that may be contaminated during electrolysis with a plastic sheath and change after every client. 
  • Cleaning and disinfecting the work or equipment surface at the end of the day and when it is contaminated.
  • Cleaning and disinfecting all items that you cannot cover with a plastic sheath after each client.
  • Cleaning and disinfecting clip cords after each client.
  • Placing used needles, sharps and razors into an approved sharps container immediately after use.
  • Cleaning all tools and instruments thoroughly before disinfecting or sterilizing.

Client Safety

A requirement for client safety for electrolysis services includes:

  • Do not treat infected or inflamed skin. 

Hand washing and gloves

Requirements for hand washing and gloves for nail services include

  • Checking client’s nails for signs of infection such as fungus or mould before a procedure. Do not provide service if a client’s nails are discoloured with yellowish-green spots.  Tell the client to contact their doctor.
  • Washing your hands before and after each client service, before and after wearing gloves and in between breaks in service.
  • The client should wash their hands before having a manicure.

Cleaning and disinfecting instruments and tools

Requirements for cleaning and disinfecting instruments and tools used for nail services include:

  • Cleaning and scrubbing instruments such as clippers, nippers and metal or crystal files with soap and water and disinfecting with a disinfectant such as 70% isopropyl alcohol after each client. 
  • Cleaning and disinfecting any instrument that breaks the skin during a procedure with a high-level disinfectant.
  • Throwing out single-use instruments that cannot be cleaned and disinfected immediately after use. This includes instruments made of foam or sponge such as files, pumice stones and buffers.
  • Reusing foot paddles if you clean and disinfect them after each client.
  • Disposing of razors and pedicure blades in an approved sharps container immediately after use. These can only be used one time.
  • Applying styptic products in powder or liquid form with a disposable applicator.
  • Cleaning footbaths with detergent and water after each use and then disinfect with a disinfectant according to the manufacturer’s directions, usually 10 minutes. Circulate both cleaning and disinfectant solutions through the footbath’s circulating system.
  • Removing and cleaning screens every day in footbaths with screens, followed by disinfection.
  • Cleaning all tools and instruments thoroughly before disinfecting or sterilizing.

Public health requirements for manicures, pedicures and nail treatments in Vietnamese (PDF, 131 KB)

Contact us

For more information: