Health Topics


Ebola virus disease is a severe disease accompanied by fever in humans and animals.  Death occurs in 50 to 90% of people who get Ebola.

There is currently a large Ebola outbreak in Western Africa.  Check the current areas affected by Ebola. 

The risk for an Ebola case in Canada is low.

The Ebola virus does not spread easily from person to person. You can only get Ebola through:

  • Direct contact with body fluids  such as urine (pee), saliva, feces (poop), vomit or blood from a person infected with Ebola
  • Direct contact with objects that have been in contact with the Ebola virus
  • Contact with animals infected with Ebola

You can only get Ebola from someone else after an infected person develops symptoms.  The virus cannot be transmitted through the air.

One of the risk factors for getting Ebola is travelling to Ebola affected areas in West Africa.

Symptoms of Ebola begin two to 21 days after exposure to the virus. 

Signs and symptoms

Signs and symptoms of Ebola include:

  • Fever; this is the most common symptom of Ebola
  • Headache
  • Muscle and joint pain
  • Myalgia
  • Diarrhea
  • Abdominal pain
  • Vomiting
  • Sore throat
  • Cough
  • Unexplained bleeding from any body sites occur in 50% of people with Ebola.

Blood tests confirm if you have Ebola.

There are no specific treatments or approved vaccines for Ebola; research is ongoing.  


The Public Health Agency of Canada issued a travel advisory for Canadians to avoid non-essential travel to countries in West Africa affected by the ongoing Ebola virus outbreak.

People who have already travelled to West Africa should follow Public Health Ontario’s recommendations for travellers (PDF, 224 KB)