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Protect your family from foodborne illness by following these four safe food handling tips.
Tips for cleaning include:
- Wash your hands, utensils, cutting boards and cooking surfaces. Wash hands with soap and warm water before you begin preparing food, between handling raw foods and ready-to-eat foods and when you have finished.
- Sanitize food surfaces like cutting boards, utensils and counter tops with a bleach and water solution.
- Wash your fruit and vegetables in cool water before eating and preparing food. Scrub fruits and vegetables that have rinds and firm surfaces like oranges, cantaloupe, watermelon and carrots.
Tips for separating include:
- Keep foods like raw meat, seafood and poultry and their juices separate from cooked and ready-to-eat foods. Cross-contamination is how bacteria spread.
- Store ready-to-eat foods on a shelf above raw foods in the fridge.
- Use different cutting boards for raw foods like meat, seafood and poultry and for ready-to-eat foods like salad and fruit.
Tips for cooking include:
- Cook food thoroughly. Bacteria can survive in food if it is not cooked to the right internal temperature.
- Keep hot foods hot! Keep your food out of the danger zone, between 4 C (40 F) and 60 C (140 F).
- Use a probe food thermometer to check internal temperatures of food. See the chart below for internal temperatures of thoroughly cooked food.
|Ground meat and meat mixtures|
|beef, pork, veal, lamb||71 C (160 F)|
|turkey, chicken||74 C (165 F)|
|Fresh beef, veal, lamb|
|medium rare||63 C (145 F)|
|medium||71 C (160 F)|
|well done||77 C (170 F)|
|chicken and turkey, whole||82 C (180 F)|
|poultry parts||74 C (165 F)|
|duck and goose||74 C (165 F)|
|stuffing (cooked alone or in a bird)||74 C (165 F)|
|medium||71 C (160 F)|
|fresh (raw)||71 C (160 F)|
|pre-cooked (to reheat)||74 C (165 F)|
|Egg and egg dishes|
|egg dishes and casseroles||74 C (165 F)|
|fish||70 C (158 F)
flesh is opaque
|shrimp, lobster, crab||74 C (165 F)
flesh is pearly & opaque
|clams, oysters, mussels||Shells open during cooking|
|leftovers and casseroles||74 C (165 F)|
Temperatures provided by Health Canada
Tips for chilling include:
- Keep food out of the danger zone, between 4 C (40 F) and 60 C (140 F). Bacteria grow quickly above or below these temperatures.
- Cool foods within two hours of preparing them. You can put food in shallow pans, ice baths and separate food into smaller batches to cool.
- Store your food in the fridge at 4 C (40 F) or lower and in the freezer at -18 C (0 F) or lower.
For more information:
- Phone: 905-546-3570
- Email: [email protected]
- Date modified: