Viral Encephalitis & Meningitis
What is it?
Encephalitis is an inflammation of the brain. Meningitis is an illness that causes swelling in the tissues that cover the brain and spinal cord. Both can be caused by an infection with bacteria or viruses.
Viral encephalitis and meningitis:
- are the more common type of encephalitis and meningitis
- can be caused by several types of viruses
- rarely cause death in people who are otherwise healthy
Viral encephalitis and meningitis are sometimes confused with a more serious infection called meningococcal disease. Bacterial encephalitis and meningitis is caused by bacteria and can lead to brain damage and death.